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tv   Documentary  RT  January 5, 2014 8:29am-9:01am EST

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any stronger. be able to take off and there's no other way of getting people onto the ship from the station they need to hurry winter begins tomorrow. used to be the same with union. station. now it only works during the summer. in the southern hemisphere someone starts in december and ends in much it's now april so seasonal operations are over. geological samples are gathered during the summer a loaded into containers. cold water is drained from the station and windows are boarded up and filled in with insulation. is given even the
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slightest chance to sneak in it will be impossible to get out of. the diesel generator was the last to be shutdown no one can survive without heat. takes just a few hours to complete. the station is ready for winter. comfortable flying people to make fuel. good to see good to see you back here they told us you would come you're here and fortune is smiling upon us again everything's going to be great.
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i'm going to be eighty five in april now i only go to the doctor. and antarctica. i'm drawn towards it my wife isn't even aware of these expeditions in the last few years. rushes expeditions to antarctica set off from cape town south africa while the ship stays in port for a few days the team members enjoy some time off. many of them want to take a tour to the cape of good hope. unfortunately there's not enough space on the bus so the polar explorers decide to draw lots to determine who gets to go. in the
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soviet era to get to antarctica it wasn't enough to just be lucky you needed relevant experience with drift ice in the arctic as well as recommendations there was no other way to reach the southernmost continent today it's enough to send your resume to the arctic and antarctic research institute along with a clean bill of health. just two days ago both the new comers and both are heading to antarctica for the first time they get to spend the whole winter together at the nova lot of gas station. did me. and i heard about it in the institute but i just put it on the back burner at the time it wasn't what i was dreaming about constantly. i wasn't even thinking about antarctica six months ago. i was pretty scared about two days before we were meant to leave. i didn't feel
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that way but when you actually realize it's here when the data set and your dream is ready to come true it's tough. what's next i don't know if i like it i'll keep doing it but if. they will both fly to antarctica from cape town. the landing strips can only operate for short periods. the weather is too unreliable and the distance too great. for example even in early autumn the temperature at the station falls to sixty degrees below zero skids can get no traction when the snow is that cold. in a month's time the academic field will deliver a year's worth of food and fuel for the station. we'll spend the winter the ship is a floating headquarters. of the seasonal expedition. and the head of the winter
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team of india which. right now i spend less time at home. of course my family is waiting for me back home but i think they get fed up with me after a while but. they are used to living with me just the way it is. gave me one toilet roll he told me it would be enough until i get home i said for a year and he answered when i say home i mean. those who are experienced are already used to it the newcomers have this mix of romanticism and pragmatism. i used to be a bureaucrat. seriously but at some point i just started to feel better antarctica was the only thing that was true and real.
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from st petersburg and. from all of the i'm going to spend the whole year at the progress research station. time to clear things up and answer the main question who am i what changes await us probably happened. this is antarctica. kind of uncomfortable after the ship right. was one of the pioneers of russian antarctica there was nothing here except a rock before the first generation of explorers with plenty of experience in the north pole landed here on the southern continent. i don't know how low. it was but
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the two russian stations from the ground up he spent almost every winter here our first joy decks position was number nineteen this is a good keeping up with tradition of photographing each winter team it's really good. come to check up on the progress station after it's reconstruction it's recently been named the capital of the russian expedition. are you happy i can see that compared to other stations here this place is having. the most important event in the life of a station is stuff rotation. everybody. twenty five people will be spending this winter at the progress station. i'm johnny. the head of the station is like
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a ship's captain he is responsible for everything without his permission no one can leave the station a little later they'll be given a mandatory briefing although many of them don't need it this is not their first winter here. hello there. so who knows our place is dear i do. ok doctor so. you know your place is. to go doctor. doctor to. take this one it'll be your room. stations are laid out in rough. the same way they have. a galley.
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ship as a result. and everyone takes their routine. this is absolutely a second home. you don't have to feel that it's a temporary. when you're here you have to feel a year is a long time. it's not so easy to live here for a year. not yet i'm waiting on my partner he's probably busy with science right now. today the whole station is focused on the same job. brought in by helicopter from the. old. together the team is made up of a few scientists a chef. and others responsible for maintaining the research station it's easy to see who's already spent
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a year here. there are no women here why should i shave. it's really difficult to spend a year with just. my never smoked before but i started to after a became the head of the station because they were always complaining. someone with their mouth open or someone doesn't wash their socks or someone snores or someone said something inappropriate about their wife or mother complaints every single day. women do not spend winter at the russian stations married couples were brought here several times as an experiment but it didn't work out. they sent an engineer his wife was a cook it was hard work. to carry had bags and lots of meat.
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of course she couldn't do it so he had to drop what he was doing and help her. he couldn't do his job because of that because he had to help her. and that's even touching the deeper psychological issues. there are two cooks here the weather may change but lunch can never be postponed. here. on the side steak with onions and mushrooms. fried beef liver. sausages. i always say guys why do you love sausages so much look we've got steak of france says liver oh these cutlets what is it with sausages . some know what they do is they put all the good stuff on one plates and then come back with another plate and take two more sausages it doesn't matter. after
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consulting with the cook the station has to buy food for example instead of buying lemons it's better to get limes they stay fresh longer experience has taught them ways to keep goods fresh for a whole year. eggs can be preserved for a whole year if you turn them every ten days that way the yolk won't dry up and go bad space should be left between bags to keep onions but it's impossible to say how long a cabbage can stay fresh. so there's one time i peeled it all the way to the center and i wrapped each one in paper after like they used to in old time but it didn't help it kept going off i wrapped each a cabbage head but there were no changes so i don't know that is why it stays in its string bag now if it starts rotting and eat it quickly. antarctica teaches hills and breaks but it trains you as well.
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i'm much more modest now. this is my sixth winter here it's been nine years in antarctica already they ask me all the time why do you go there you idiot you saw it once ok twice there's nothing special about it. people change that's true they do. first of all when they go back home they're already dreaming of returning to here again. you might think there could be nothing more monumental and timeless than the view of this landscape. but it is only temporary over three days the view will change at least three times.
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with economic ups and downs in the final months they belong to the old sang i and the rest of life a few will be if we don't think. much of your advice is centered around the negative aspects of american culture example mindful eating social eating of voiding of snacks how much of an influence do you think this american culture has on the rest of the wall incredible.
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sixty two things. in the world the snake. the food. all the countries worldwide. government system is to help poor people poor women but who choose to live and nobody is trying to make money out of those who want to make money out of. the whole thing into law. and we have shockers. twenty four. what's this place like why is this so special as the russian resort prepares to welcome the world power in the city's present and future.
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this is the moment they're reporting from a very cold snowy windy mountain to. be on the olympics. today. just a few days remain for the summer team to hand over to their winter colleagues form a bureaucrat spent a year studying magnet. really wanted to come to the antarctic every station has its own magnetic room there are no metallic objects in such rooms the temperature is kept stable at approximately twenty five degrees celsius a computer constantly records changes and time has to be accurate to the second clocks must be adjusted in a very special way. for three days we can only take notes there's no time to make
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changes. dreamed about and talk to several you know for example if we take a contest in russia it will show us north that way but if you take it here it will show north that way even though it's that way if we follow the compass as we used to do it in russia we won't end up in india as expected but in chile south america she. as a student he proposed geological theory it was important to go to antarctica to collect the data he needed. this i didn't find anything new for. here there are no. like t.v. or anything like this. you have to sit and think. simply sitting and thinking. the.
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corner of the same room his job is to. conditions. to be sent to an institute in st petersburg and the equipment needs regular adjustment. in fact every. specifics such details are handed down to each new generation of polar explorer. information to a console at the station. is very important we make aeronautical charts for aircraft like how high the helicopters can fly for instance similar balloons are released all over the world at midnight g.m.t. russian polar explorers have long invented new ways to make the process more efficient such as how to make them easier to release. short. like this there's about fifty meters of how to make it go. in
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a mixture of kerosene and benzene that. we came up with it makes it fly higher it can fly up to thirty kilometers. without it it will only go as high as twenty two. other countries don't care so much. how to make. their inflated with hydrogen. there's a rope down there reference point i can check the top point of the balloon by using that there we go. today none of the scientists remember who actually came up with these ideas. from arctic experience it was our own atmospheric scientists who invented that. not every antarctic station has its own atmospheric scientist but all of them have
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a meteorologist he doesn't get the chance to get eight hours of sleep because he has to submit weather data every six hours and he has to go to the weather station every day. has a sort of utilitarian value of what i think the weather data as an example looking like you know if we have all the data and the prediction and no one else will work out. well. and there'll be no information from that anymore and i think all the morals that we are used to will fail and the boy. generally almost all of a scientific. comes down to monitoring investigations and observing different processes. in the science doesn't play the main role right or. even though all of us pretend to do it here the main idea. is just politics.
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is the most important thing here. science is just for show but they are where you are goes i'm going. to have to make sure we have a claim here. water for the station is drawn from. at the progress station they can automatically get water from a nearby lake but the polar explorers don't like it they're used to going to the remote lakes. seems to taste better but it's an illusion all water here is the same after distillation. because of the lack of minerals. from dental problems. better to fill it. table and forget to take.
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it anymore i was afraid because they pull my teeth out all the time here i've lost four in this room alone it's my sacrifice to antarctica. it's been a month since our. station. but thankfully this month. medical emergencies. even started to study english set up a computer here help me he installed a ton of different programs everything i've done. i don't have time for anything or to think about anything seriously but here we have an opportunity to stop and think it's the first step was the most important thing to me. after
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a month settled into station life which works to a strict. there is one meteorologist one narrower just one seismologists. physicist we still have plenty of work to do with the group no one will do it for you. only kinks are worked out i was really impressed by that. doris swing and worked all of them to it means the way that you won't wrench it out of your hand and fling it open. all houses are placed in a room with a little tilt from east to west the wind here blows from east to west that's why all of the roads and main trails have rails and ropes so you can hold onto them if it's windy. so i called our rooms suites and they burst out laughing. they said they were
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called cabins. well ok then the cabin is a cabin. after a month alexei has a little more experience and can do his own research is main task is to investigate the earth's climate he has to make a range of observations of the sky researching lunar reflections. and solar phenomena today is the last day to check all the technical details with the help of his predecessor. yeah you have to change the filters here because of the bright moon so easy take your time things have to be arranged in a proper way. tomorrow he'll leave the rest of the old crew and the new will begin their winter tour of duty. we have a new group of specialists here now all of them are young how are they going to get along with each other i don't know.
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how old are you twenty years. i'm the youngest engineer here i'm twenty three i'm the youngest one here. here by two months. these last few days before winter always the busiest is when the men have to stock up a year's worth of infantry they work all day long. once again so there's a great deal to do and plenty of containers to unload. all of them are waiting for the last helicopter. in my heart i already feel here. the only thing is to get along with the new guys that will. take a month to get acquainted and get used to them to be shortly after that at the
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beginning of winter. after fifty years of a russian presence in antarctica the definition of a polar explorer has changed. their things i've seen. in the movies and the things we have here now are completely different but we sit here now talking about today's watermelon which was not so tasty and then we retired to our european style rooms about some of this difference with the lives of those who built it all up from the very beginning unconquered nature here were completely different in this book i felt that a. good look. traditionally the last helicopter to leave will circle the station. the ship leaving on time to will sound its horn three times signaling the start of winter. they may still remember the feeling of the helicopter made its last farewell circling was off mark
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earley was the beginning of winter and only thirty two people were left i felt kind of sad what. better the roof. then the long pole the nights begin along with inevitable depression because of six months absence of some exhausting snowstorms long letters home and the desire to see friends and family but even after all that many will still dream about coming back fortunately there's plenty of work here in antarctica for many generations to come. together and unsolved mystery for me. that is an interesting question. which is why does this place attract me so when i'm so if you know what that blowing already. three goodbye horns. the antarctic winter has begun.
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the beginning of the long haul to acknowledge. the fades from island life. and the enough temptation. the dog has lost for six months. polar bears them people. and it's as easy to hire a rifle as a scooter. because the island is so in the space of there are no indigenous people
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but there are all those who do choose this frozen life. this is this could be right and. if you. believe. one of the new will. be. faced i feel alone. a pleasure to have you with us here on t.v. today i'm sure. some of the sixteen percent of imports came from illegal fishing and. the european
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union is ironically taking fish from some of the poorest nations on earth so this is a very serious and very urgent problem that needs immediate international action. to enter our territorial waters if they fish they load this fish into the ships and leave for a cure it. today illegal fishing is taking the bread out of our mouths. we speak your language i mean some of the will not advance. news programs and documentaries and spanish more matters to you. there's a little too much of angles to these stories. you hear. that troy spanish find out more visit.
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the day's news and this week's top stories here on our to international the southern russian city of volgograd mourns the thirty four victims of two terror attacks with dozens still in hospital our team brings you the story of the youngest survivor a three month old baby clings to life after losing her mother in the bombing. a french military contingent fails to stand a wave of bloodshed that's gripped the central african republic as the u.n. raises the alarm of a looming humanitarian crisis there. this equation is literally out of control in the fulfilment of the central african republic is most capable to control this violence party talks to medical group doctors without borders about the carnage ravaging the status even hospitals and doctors become targets. europe sees a rise of far right groups across.

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